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TOPIC: Metronome with Arduino MEGA

Metronome with Arduino MEGA 5 months 3 weeks ago #1267

This metronome example is mainly based on the sinewave generator. It generates a "beep" sound to be mixed with the guitar signal, so you can send both signals to the amplifier and listen the metronome playing as loud as you like.

The codes enable/ disable the interruption that plays the sinewave to create the beeps and the silences.

The pedal can adjust the speed with the push buttons. The led also blinks at the same rate as the metronome.

This is the complete Metronome code:
// CC-by-NC-www.Electrosmash.com/rights
// Based on OpenMusicLabs and GFB previous works.
// pedalshield_metronome.ino plays a beep (togheter with the LED) like a metronome.
// pressing the pushbutton_1 or 2 changes the speed.
 
#include "U8glib.h"
U8GLIB_SH1106_128X64 u8g(U8G_I2C_OPT_NO_ACK);  // Display which does not send ACK
 
const byte waveform[]=
{
0x80,0x80,0x81,0x82,0x83,0x83,0x84,0x85,0x86,0x87,0x87,0x88,0x89,0x8a,0x8a,0x8b,
0x8c,0x8d,0x8e,0x8e,0x8f,0x90,0x91,0x91,0x92,0x93,0x94,0x95,0x95,0x96,0x97,0x98,
0x98,0x99,0x9a,0x9b,0x9b,0x9c,0x9d,0x9e,0x9f,0x9f,0xa0,0xa1,0xa2,0xa2,0xa3,0xa4,
0xa5,0xa5,0xa6,0xa7,0xa8,0xa8,0xa9,0xaa,0xaa,0xab,0xac,0xad,0xad,0xae,0xaf,0xb0,
0xb0,0xb1,0xb2,0xb2,0xb3,0xb4,0xb5,0xb5,0xb6,0xb7,0xb7,0xb8,0xb9,0xba,0xba,0xbb,
0xbc,0xbc,0xbd,0xbe,0xbe,0xbf,0xc0,0xc0,0xc1,0xc2,0xc2,0xc3,0xc4,0xc4,0xc5,0xc6,
0xc6,0xc7,0xc8,0xc8,0xc9,0xca,0xca,0xcb,0xcc,0xcc,0xcd,0xcd,0xce,0xcf,0xcf,0xd0,
0xd0,0xd1,0xd2,0xd2,0xd3,0xd3,0xd4,0xd5,0xd5,0xd6,0xd6,0xd7,0xd7,0xd8,0xd9,0xd9,
0xda,0xda,0xdb,0xdb,0xdc,0xdc,0xdd,0xde,0xde,0xdf,0xdf,0xe0,0xe0,0xe1,0xe1,0xe2,
0xe2,0xe3,0xe3,0xe4,0xe4,0xe5,0xe5,0xe6,0xe6,0xe6,0xe7,0xe7,0xe8,0xe8,0xe9,0xe9,
0xea,0xea,0xea,0xeb,0xeb,0xec,0xec,0xed,0xed,0xed,0xee,0xee,0xef,0xef,0xef,0xf0,
0xf0,0xf0,0xf1,0xf1,0xf1,0xf2,0xf2,0xf2,0xf3,0xf3,0xf3,0xf4,0xf4,0xf4,0xf5,0xf5,
0xf5,0xf6,0xf6,0xf6,0xf7,0xf7,0xf7,0xf7,0xf8,0xf8,0xf8,0xf8,0xf9,0xf9,0xf9,0xf9,
0xfa,0xfa,0xfa,0xfa,0xfa,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,
0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,
0xfe,0xfe,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,
0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xff,0xfe,
0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfe,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,0xfd,
0xfd,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfc,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfb,0xfa,0xfa,0xfa,0xfa,
0xf9,0xf9,0xf9,0xf9,0xf8,0xf8,0xf8,0xf8,0xf7,0xf7,0xf7,0xf7,0xf6,0xf6,0xf6,0xf5,
0xf5,0xf5,0xf5,0xf4,0xf4,0xf4,0xf3,0xf3,0xf3,0xf2,0xf2,0xf2,0xf1,0xf1,0xf1,0xf0,
0xf0,0xef,0xef,0xef,0xee,0xee,0xee,0xed,0xed,0xec,0xec,0xeb,0xeb,0xeb,0xea,0xea,
0xe9,0xe9,0xe8,0xe8,0xe8,0xe7,0xe7,0xe6,0xe6,0xe5,0xe5,0xe4,0xe4,0xe3,0xe3,0xe2,
0xe2,0xe1,0xe1,0xe0,0xe0,0xdf,0xdf,0xde,0xde,0xdd,0xdd,0xdc,0xdc,0xdb,0xdb,0xda,
0xd9,0xd9,0xd8,0xd8,0xd7,0xd7,0xd6,0xd5,0xd5,0xd4,0xd4,0xd3,0xd3,0xd2,0xd1,0xd1,
0xd0,0xd0,0xcf,0xce,0xce,0xcd,0xcc,0xcc,0xcb,0xcb,0xca,0xc9,0xc9,0xc8,0xc7,0xc7,
0xc6,0xc5,0xc5,0xc4,0xc3,0xc3,0xc2,0xc1,0xc1,0xc0,0xbf,0xbf,0xbe,0xbd,0xbd,0xbc,
0xbb,0xbb,0xba,0xb9,0xb9,0xb8,0xb7,0xb6,0xb6,0xb5,0xb4,0xb4,0xb3,0xb2,0xb1,0xb1,
0xb0,0xaf,0xaf,0xae,0xad,0xac,0xac,0xab,0xaa,0xa9,0xa9,0xa8,0xa7,0xa6,0xa6,0xa5,
0xa4,0xa3,0xa3,0xa2,0xa1,0xa0,0xa0,0x9f,0x9e,0x9d,0x9d,0x9c,0x9b,0x9a,0x9a,0x99,
0x98,0x97,0x96,0x96,0x95,0x94,0x93,0x93,0x92,0x91,0x90,0x90,0x8f,0x8e,0x8d,0x8c,
0x8c,0x8b,0x8a,0x89,0x88,0x88,0x87,0x86,0x85,0x85,0x84,0x83,0x82,0x81,0x81,0x80,
0x7f,0x7e,0x7e,0x7d,0x7c,0x7b,0x7a,0x7a,0x79,0x78,0x77,0x77,0x76,0x75,0x74,0x73,
0x73,0x72,0x71,0x70,0x6f,0x6f,0x6e,0x6d,0x6c,0x6c,0x6b,0x6a,0x69,0x69,0x68,0x67,
0x66,0x65,0x65,0x64,0x63,0x62,0x62,0x61,0x60,0x5f,0x5f,0x5e,0x5d,0x5c,0x5c,0x5b,
0x5a,0x59,0x59,0x58,0x57,0x56,0x56,0x55,0x54,0x53,0x53,0x52,0x51,0x50,0x50,0x4f,
0x4e,0x4e,0x4d,0x4c,0x4b,0x4b,0x4a,0x49,0x49,0x48,0x47,0x46,0x46,0x45,0x44,0x44,
0x43,0x42,0x42,0x41,0x40,0x40,0x3f,0x3e,0x3e,0x3d,0x3c,0x3c,0x3b,0x3a,0x3a,0x39,
0x38,0x38,0x37,0x36,0x36,0x35,0x34,0x34,0x33,0x33,0x32,0x31,0x31,0x30,0x2f,0x2f,
0x2e,0x2e,0x2d,0x2c,0x2c,0x2b,0x2b,0x2a,0x2a,0x29,0x28,0x28,0x27,0x27,0x26,0x26,
0x25,0x24,0x24,0x23,0x23,0x22,0x22,0x21,0x21,0x20,0x20,0x1f,0x1f,0x1e,0x1e,0x1d,
0x1d,0x1c,0x1c,0x1b,0x1b,0x1a,0x1a,0x19,0x19,0x18,0x18,0x17,0x17,0x17,0x16,0x16,
0x15,0x15,0x14,0x14,0x14,0x13,0x13,0x12,0x12,0x11,0x11,0x11,0x10,0x10,0x10,0xf,
0xf,0xe,0xe,0xe,0xd,0xd,0xd,0xc,0xc,0xc,0xb,0xb,0xb,0xa,0xa,0xa,
0xa,0x9,0x9,0x9,0x8,0x8,0x8,0x8,0x7,0x7,0x7,0x7,0x6,0x6,0x6,0x6,
0x5,0x5,0x5,0x5,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x2,
0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,
0x1,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,
0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x0,0x1,0x1,
0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x1,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,0x2,
0x3,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x3,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x4,0x5,0x5,0x5,0x5,0x5,
0x6,0x6,0x6,0x6,0x7,0x7,0x7,0x7,0x8,0x8,0x8,0x8,0x9,0x9,0x9,0xa,
0xa,0xa,0xb,0xb,0xb,0xc,0xc,0xc,0xd,0xd,0xd,0xe,0xe,0xe,0xf,0xf,
0xf,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x11,0x11,0x12,0x12,0x12,0x13,0x13,0x14,0x14,0x15,0x15,0x15,
0x16,0x16,0x17,0x17,0x18,0x18,0x19,0x19,0x19,0x1a,0x1a,0x1b,0x1b,0x1c,0x1c,0x1d,
0x1d,0x1e,0x1e,0x1f,0x1f,0x20,0x20,0x21,0x21,0x22,0x23,0x23,0x24,0x24,0x25,0x25,
0x26,0x26,0x27,0x28,0x28,0x29,0x29,0x2a,0x2a,0x2b,0x2c,0x2c,0x2d,0x2d,0x2e,0x2f,
0x2f,0x30,0x30,0x31,0x32,0x32,0x33,0x33,0x34,0x35,0x35,0x36,0x37,0x37,0x38,0x39,
0x39,0x3a,0x3b,0x3b,0x3c,0x3d,0x3d,0x3e,0x3f,0x3f,0x40,0x41,0x41,0x42,0x43,0x43,
0x44,0x45,0x45,0x46,0x47,0x48,0x48,0x49,0x4a,0x4a,0x4b,0x4c,0x4d,0x4d,0x4e,0x4f,
0x4f,0x50,0x51,0x52,0x52,0x53,0x54,0x55,0x55,0x56,0x57,0x57,0x58,0x59,0x5a,0x5a,
0x5b,0x5c,0x5d,0x5d,0x5e,0x5f,0x60,0x60,0x61,0x62,0x63,0x64,0x64,0x65,0x66,0x67,
0x67,0x68,0x69,0x6a,0x6a,0x6b,0x6c,0x6d,0x6e,0x6e,0x6f,0x70,0x71,0x71,0x72,0x73,
0x74,0x75,0x75,0x76,0x77,0x78,0x78,0x79,0x7a,0x7b,0x7c,0x7c,0x7d,0x7e,0x7f,0x80,
};
 
//defining hardware resources.
#define LED 13
#define FOOTSWITCH 12
#define TOGGLE 2
#define PUSHBUTTON_1 A5
#define PUSHBUTTON_2 A4

//defining the output PWM parameters
#define PWM_FREQ 0x00FF // pwm frequency - 31.3KHz
#define PWM_MODE 0 // Fast (1) or Phase Correct (0)
#define PWM_QTY 2 // 2 PWMs in parallel

//other variables
int input; 
long delay_time=20000;
int counter=0;
int sample=0;
 
void setup() {
  //setup IO
  pinMode(FOOTSWITCH, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(TOGGLE, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(PUSHBUTTON_1, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(PUSHBUTTON_2, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(6, OUTPUT); //PWM0 as output
  pinMode(7, OUTPUT); //PWM1 as output
 
  // setup ADC
  ADMUX = 0x60; // left adjust, adc0, internal vcc
  ADCSRA = 0xe5; // turn on adc, ck/32, auto trigger
  ADCSRB = 0x00; // ADC free running mode
  DIDR0 = 0x01; // turn off digital inputs for adc0
 
  // setup PWM
  TCCR4A = (((PWM_QTY - 1) << 5) | 0x80 | (PWM_MODE << 1)); //
  TCCR4B = ((PWM_MODE << 3) | 0x11); // ck/1
  TIMSK4 = 0x20; // interrupt on capture interrupt
  ICR4H = (PWM_FREQ >> 8);
  ICR4L = (PWM_FREQ & 0xff);
  DDRB |= ((PWM_QTY << 1) | 0x02); // turn on outputs
  sei(); // turn on interrupts - not really necessary with arduino
  }
 
void loop() 
{
 
//BEEP PART: Enable Interruption which makes the sinewave.   
digitalWrite(LED, HIGH); 
sei(); // turn on interrupts - not really necessary with arduino  
delay(50); //the beep has a constant time of 50ms.
 
//SILENT PART: Disabling Interruption which makes the sinewave.
digitalWrite(LED, LOW); 
cli();
//IC_DisableIRQ(TC4_IRQn);
 
sample=0;
delay(delay_time);
 
//Write the OLED Screen
  if (digitalRead(FOOTSWITCH)) 
  {
    u8g.firstPage(); 
 do {
   u8g.setFont(u8g_font_helvR14r);
   u8g.drawStr( 0, 20, "METRONOME");    
   u8g.setPrintPos(10, 60); 
   u8g.setFont(u8g_font_helvR24r); 
   u8g.print(delay_time);
  } while( u8g.nextPage() );
  }
    else  
  {  
      u8g.firstPage(); 
    do {
        u8g.setFont(u8g_font_helvR24r);
        u8g.drawStr( 0, 30, "EFFECT");    
        u8g.drawStr( 0, 60, "   OFF ");   
        } while( u8g.nextPage() );
  }
 }
 
ISR(TIMER4_CAPT_vect) 
{
 
counter++; //to save resources, the pushbuttons are checked every 100 times.
if(counter==1000)
{ 
counter=0;
if (!digitalRead(PUSHBUTTON_1)) {
  if (delay_time<2000000)delay_time=delay_time+1000; //increase the vol
 //   digitalWrite(LED, LOW); //blinks the led
    }
 
    if (!digitalRead(PUSHBUTTON_2)) {
  if (delay_time>600)delay_time=delay_time-1000; //decrease vol
//  digitalWrite(LED, LOW); //blinks the led
    }
}
 
input = waveform[sample];//((ADC_high << 8) | ADC_low) + 0x8000; // make a signed 16b value
sample=sample+20;
if(sample>=1023)sample=0;
 
  //write the PWM signal
 OCR4AL =waveform[sample];
 OCR4BL = waveform[sample];
}
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