pedalSHIELD UNO is a lo-fi programmable guitar pedal that works with the Arduino UNO / Genuino UNO Board. The project is Open Source & Open Hardware and aimed for guitarists, hackers and programmers that want to learn about digital signal processing, effects, synthesizers and experiment without deep knowledge on DSP, electronics or hardcore programming.

You can program your own effects in C/C++ or get inspired using the ready-to-play effects from the online forum.

 

      pedalshield uno parts   

How Does the Circuit Work?

The shield has three parts:

  • The Input Stage: Amplifies and filters the guitar signal making it ready for the Arduino Uno ADC (Analog do Digital Converter).
  • Arduino Board: It takes the digitalized waveform from the ADC and does all the Digital Signal Processing (DSP) creating effects (distortion, fuzz, volume, metronome...).
  • The Output Stage: Once the new waveform is created, the signal is taken from the Arduino digital outputs (two PWMs combined) and prepared to be sent to the next pedal or the guitar amp.

pedalshield uno input output stages

How to Program it?

The idea is to make it as easy as possible, the shield is programmed in C/C++ using the standard Arduino functions and software platform (Linux/Windows/Mac). All tools and programs are free/open source.

Basic knowledge of C is needed. The best way to illustrate how to program it is showing an simple example pedal with a Volume/Booster effect:

Clean Volume/Booster Pedal:

The block diagram of the software looks like this:

pedalshield uno software block diagramThe real code used looks like this:

// CC-by-www.Electrosmash.com
// Based on OpenMusicLabs previous works.
// pedalshield_uno_booster.ino: pressing the pushbutton_1 or 2 turns the volume up or down.

//defining harware resources.
  #define LED 13
  #define FOOTSWITCH 12
  #define TOGGLE 2
  #define PUSHBUTTON_1 A5
  #define PUSHBUTTON_2 A4

//defining the output PWM parameters
  #define PWM_FREQ 0x00FF // pwm frequency - 31.3KHz
  #define PWM_MODE 0 // Fast (1) or Phase Correct (0)
  #define PWM_QTY 2 // 2 PWMs in parallel

//other variables
  int input, vol_variable=512;
  int counter=0;
  unsigned int ADC_low, ADC_high;

  void setup() { //setup IO - inputs/outputs pins configurations and pull-ups
  pinMode(FOOTSWITCH, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(TOGGLE, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(PUSHBUTTON_1, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(PUSHBUTTON_2, INPUT_PULLUP);
  pinMode(LED, OUTPUT);
 
// setup ADC- configured to be reading automatically the hole time.
  ADMUX = 0x60; // left adjust, adc0, internal vcc
  ADCSRA = 0xe5; // turn on adc, ck/32, auto trigger
  ADCSRB = 0x07; // t1 capture for trigger
  DIDR0 = 0x01; // turn off digital inputs for adc0

// setup PWM - for more info about this config check the forum.
  TCCR1A = (((PWM_QTY - 1) << 5) | 0x80 | (PWM_MODE << 1)); //
  TCCR1B = ((PWM_MODE << 3) | 0x11); // ck/1
  TIMSK1 = 0x20; // interrupt on capture interrupt
  ICR1H = (PWM_FREQ >> 8);
  ICR1L = (PWM_FREQ & 0xff);
  DDRB |= ((PWM_QTY << 1) | 0x02); // turn on outputs
  sei(); // turn on interrupts - not really necessary with arduino
  }

void loop()
{
//Turn on the LED if the effect is ON.
  if (digitalRead(FOOTSWITCH)) digitalWrite(LED, HIGH);
     else  digitalWrite(LED, LOW);
//nothing more here, all happens in the Timer 1 interruption.
}

ISR(TIMER1_CAPT_vect) //Timer 1 interruption.
{
  // read the ADC input signal data: 2 bytes Low and High.
  ADC_low = ADCL; // Low byte need to be fetched first
  ADC_high = ADCH;
  //construct the input sumple summing the ADC low and high byte.
  input = ((ADC_high << 8) | ADC_low) + 0x8000; // make a signed 16b value

// The push-buttons are checked now:
counter++; //to save resources, the push-buttons are checked every 100 times.
if(counter==100)
{
counter=0;
if (!digitalRead(PUSHBUTTON_1)) {
  if (vol_variable<1024) vol_variable=vol_variable+1; //increase the vol
    }
if (!digitalRead(PUSHBUTTON_2)) {
  if (vol_variable>0) vol_variable=vol_variable-1; //decrease vol
    }
}

//the amplitude of the signal is modified following the vol_variableusing the Arduino map fucntion
  input = map(input, 0, 1024, 0, vol_variable);

//write the PWM output signal
  OCR1AL = ((input + 0x8000) >> 8); // convert to unsigned, send out high byte
  OCR1BL = input; // send out low byte
}

 

pedalSHIELD Hardware Design.

The complete project is Open Source Hardware, the design was done using KiCad, a open-source GNU free of charge electronic design CAD tool. All the project files, schematics and bill of materials are public. The circuit can be broken down into 5 simpler blocks: Power Supply, Input Stage, Output Stage, User Interface and Arduino Connectors:

pedalshield uno schematic
The functionality is simple; 1 op-amp will prepare the signal to be digitized and also 1 opamp will recover the signal from the Arduino UNO microcontroller. One ADCs is used to read the guitar signal and two PWM signals are used to generate the output signal.

  • Input Stage: The guitar signal is amplified for better acquisition by the first op-amp which follows the MicroAmp guitar pedal design. The trimmer VR1 adjusts the gain of this amplifier from 1 to 21, so the guitar level can be optimized. The signal pass through 3 low pass filters (formed by R3&C2, R5&C4, R6&C5) that will remove the excess of high harmonics that can create aliasing during the ADC signal acquisition (fc=5KHz).
  • Output State: Uses a Sallen & Key 3rd order low pass filter which removes harmonics above 5KHz. Two PWM signals are used in parallel improving the bit resolution (2x8bits). If you want to read more about the PWM audio generation read the forum topic dedicated to the PWM configuration options. There is a fantastic research done by OpenMusic Labs referring to this topic.
  • Power Supply: The pedal uses the +5V from Arduino Uno to feed the rail-to-rail operational amplifier and achieve design simplicity and maximum signal swing without clipping. A resistor divider R7&R8 generates 2.5V for virtual ground and the cap C6 remove ripple on the power line.
  • User Interface: The player can use 2 configurable push-buttons, 1 configurable toggle switch, 3PDT true-bypass footswitch and a programmable LED.
  • Arduino Uno Connectors: pin headers will link the shield with Arduino Uno transferring the signals and power supply.


cart logo   Buy pedalSHIELD UNO online.

There are 3 options in the store:

  1. Order only the PCB. It uses easy-to-find standard components and you can build the kit yourself. The bill of materials is public with all the references and the Mouser part numbers.
  2. Order the PCB + Transparent Acrylic Cover.
  3. Order the Full Kit: This kit includes the PCB, Cover and all the components to build pedalSHIELD at home.

All the transactions are done though PayPal for maximum security.
If you have any question, contact us.

 

pedalshield uno guitar 

 Bill Of Materials:

The components are easy-to-find through hole parts with the minimum number of references:

pedalSHIELD UNO Bill of Materials.
Reference Qty Value Description Mouser Reference
Capacitors
C5,C2, C7, C8, C9 5 6.8n ceramic cap SR211C682MARTR1
C3, C6, C10 3 4.7u electrolytic cap ECE-A1EKA4R7
C1, C11 2 100n ceramic cap
C4 1 270p ceramic cap D271K20Y5PH63L6R
Resistors    
R12,R13, R10, R9, R6, R4, R3 7 4.7K Resistor, 1%,1/4W MFR-25FRF52-4K7
R5, R7, R8, 3 100K Resistor, 1%,1/4W MFR-25FRF52-100K
R1, R2 2 1M Resistor, 1%,1/4W MFR-25FRF52-1M
R11 1 1M2 Resistor, 1%,1/4W MFR-25FRF52-1M2
Others    
RV1 1 500K resistor trimmer 3319W-1-504
D1 1 Led 3mm blue blue led 3mm SSL-LX3044USBC
U1 1 TL972 pdip-8 op-amp rail-to-rail
IC Socket 1 dip 8 socket socket dor dip8 1-2199298-2
SW1 1 3DPT footswitch 3PDT footsitch 107-SF17020F-32-21RL
SW2 1 Toggle switch SPDT toogle switch 612-100-A1111
SW3, SW4 2 Pushbutton off-on pushbutton 103-1013-EVX
Conn1,2,3,4 1 40 pin header 2.54 pitch pin header
J1, J2 2 1/4 Jack audio stereo 6.35mm jack NMJ6HCD2

 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

What is Arduino Uno / Genuino UNO?

  • Arduino UNO is a single-board microcontroller to make using electronics in multidisciplinary projects more accessible. The hardware and software are open-source.

Where can I buy Arduino Due board?

Is pedalSHIELD Uno compatible with all Arduino boards?

  • No, only with Arduino Uno and Genuino UNO. We also have an upgraded pedalSHIELD Due that works with Arduino Due.

Is pedalSHIELD UNO suitable for bass players?

  •  Yes, but you need to swap 2 capacitors (C1 and C11) from 0.1uF to 0.47uF, allowing lower frequencies into the circuit, that is all.

Can I plug headphones directly to pedalSHIELD UNO?

  •  No, pedalSHIELD UNO is not an amplifier. It needs to be plugged to a guitar amplifier, or to a multi-effects (Line 6 pods, etc..).

 

  Thanks for reading, all feedback is appreciated    jr(at)ElectroSmash.com

 Some Rights Reserved, you are free to copy, share, remix and use all material.
Trademarks, brand names and logos are the property of their respective owners.

 


Joomla SEF URLs by Artio